Dividend payments might be perplexing, especially because they are taxed at a different rate than your other income. We define dividends, who is eligible to receive them, and what you need to know about dividend tax.


What is a dividend?

Dividends are a tax-efficient way to withdraw funds from a limited corporation. After subtracting the amount payable for Corporation Tax, the corporation distributes dividends to shareholders from earnings that are left over. Dividends given out cannot exceed the companies income in the current or preceding fiscal years.


Who can receive a dividend payment?

Anyone who holds a share in the corporation is eligible to receive a dividend payment based on the number (ad kinds) of share they possess. Shareholders might be investors in the firm, but they can also be workers, directors, or relatives of the companies founders.


How much tax will you pay on dividends?

The amount of tax you pay on dividends is determined by your overall income and the percentage of that income that comes from dividend payments. The good news is that your dividend distributions will not be subject to National Insurance contributions.


Tax allowances and dividend income

You can use the Personal Allowance (the amount you can earn before starting to pay income tax) as well as the Dividend Allowance.


How much is dividend tax in 2022/23?

After combining your total dividend income with any other income you get, the rate of dividend tx you pay is determined by the tax band you fall into, because tax Is calculated in bands (similar to a stack of bricks), you may pay various tax rates in each band. The tax bands for 2021/22 and 2022/23 are shown here, together with the rate of dividend tax you’ll pay in each band for that year.

To figure out which band you are in, tally up all of your earnings for the year (including dividends). Because of the increased Health & Safety Care Levy, the dividend tax rate for 2022/23 is greater than for 2021/22.


When and how do I pay dividends to myself?

You can pay dividends as often as you like as long as you obey the rules. Even if you’re the sole director, you must call a directors` meeting to declare the dividends every time you pay one.

You will also need to keep meeting minutes. You’ll need to create a dividend voucher containing the date, company name, shareholder names, and dividend amount for each dividend payment. The majority of firms pay quarterly dividends, however, some choose to pay bi-annually or yearly.


is it better for me to take a salary or pay myself in dividends? 

if you are both a director and a shareholder of a limited business, the most tax-efficient method to generate money is to pay yourself a salary and dividends.

The is no minimum compensation requirement for directors, so you can pay yourself as much or as little as you like. if this is your only source of income, the most usual technique to pay yourself a salary up to the NI level and then pay any excess as a dividend.