On 27 October, Chancellor Rishi Sunak delivered a Budget to ensure the UK economy bounces back following the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic.
The chancellor announced that total department spending will grow by £150 billion per year in cash terms by 2024/25, marking the largest real-term increase in overall departmental spending for any Parliament this century.
Public research and development (R&D) investment will increase to a record level of £20 billion by 2024/25. Combined with R&D tax reliefs, which the government intends to modernise and refocus, total government R&S support as a proportion of GDP is forecasted to increase from 0.7% in 2018 to 1.1.% in 2024/25
The chancellor unveiled a new temporary business rates relief in England for 2022/23 for eligible retail, hospitality and leisure properties, worth almost £1.7billion. The government stated that the reform of business rates will make the system fairer, more responsive and more supportive of investment.
Mr Sunak also announced significant changes to fuel duty and alcohol duties: fuel duty will be frozen at 57.95pper litre for 2022/23, and drinks will be taxed in proportion to their alcohol content, making the system `fairer and more conducive to product innovation in response to evolving consumer tastes.
Meanwhile, the government will give £11.5 billion to help build up to 180,000 affordable homes, whilst an additional £4.7 billion will be invested in the core schools budget in England.
The chancellor also confirmed that the government will increase the National Living Wage to £9.50 per hour from April 2022 and cut the Universal Credit taper rate from 63p to 55p.